Muscle Anatomy

levator scapulae

The levator scapulae muscle is located in the posterior aspect of the neck and upper shoulder region. It is a slender muscle that contributes to the musculature around the scapula and the neck.

Originating from the transverse processes of the upper cervical vertebrae (C1-C4), the levator scapulae takes its starting point from the bony structures in the neck.

The muscle inserts into the superior part of the medial border of the scapula, specifically at the vertebral border from the superior angle to the junction of the spine and the medial border.

Functionally, the levator scapulae is primarily responsible for elevating the scapula. It plays a key role in movements involving the upward rotation of the scapula, such as during shoulder shrugging or lifting the shoulder girdle. Additionally, the muscle contributes to the lateral flexion of the neck when acting unilaterally. The levator scapulae is involved in maintaining shoulder and neck stability, participating in various upper body movements and providing support during postural adjustments.