Muscle Anatomy

gluteus minimus

The gluteus minimus muscle is situated in the lateral aspect of the hip, neighboring the gluteus medius. It is a relatively smaller muscle compared to the adjacent gluteal muscles, contributing to the intricate anatomy of the hip region.

Originating from the external surface of the ilium, specifically between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, the gluteus minimus takes its starting point from the bony contours of the pelvic girdle.

The muscle inserts into the anterior surface of the greater trochanter of the femur, forming a connection with the proximal part of the thigh bone. This insertion site enables the gluteus minimus to exert its influence on the hip joint.

Functionally, the gluteus minimus is primarily involved in hip abduction and medial rotation. It plays a role in moving the leg away from the midline of the body and aids in turning the thigh inward. Additionally, the muscle contributes to the stabilization of the pelvis during activities such as walking and standing, working in tandem with the gluteus medius. The gluteus minimus is integral to maintaining balance and controlling the movements of the hip joint, contributing to the overall functionality of the lower limb.