KinX Learning

ELearning in the Kinesiology of Exercise

Copy of Hip Joint Adduction

Major Muscles and Actions Involved

Hip Joint AdductionIn hip joint adduction, the leg is pulled in toward the midline of the body from an abducted (out to the side) position. This action involves the adductor longus , adductor brevis, and adductor magnus, and the gracilis muscles. 

Sports Uses

Hip joint adduction is very useful in sports which require court or field maneuvering (agility) such as in tennis, racquetball, basketball, soccer, lacrosse, hockey, rugby, and volleyball. They also are involved in the first part of hip flexion as when driving the thigh forward in sprinting, taking a quick first step, and lunging. This exercise will assist you greatly in turning, doing crossover steps, completing a push-off, and in shifting your weight from one leg to the other. 

Did you know...

  • Do not set the adjustment on a multi-hip machine so that your legs are too far apart as this can easily overstretch the muscles, especially to the gracilis muscle. To prevent injury, and for overall safety when doing this exercise, you should start off with your legs apart in a comfortable position. Slowly increase the range of motion as you develop adequate strength and flexibility in the hip joint. Moving the legs apart as far as possible is important if you are involved in sports such as gymnastics or in dance activities such as ballet. An extreme ROM is not needed for most individuals in their normal activities or for athletes in many different sports.